Boy Scouts can work on merit badges as soon as he joins a troop, but no merit badges are required for advancement until he receives his First Class rank. Advancement to Star, Life, and Eagle all require completion of merit badges. There are more than 130 merit badges.
Pick a Subject. Talk to your unit leader (Scoutmaster) about your interest in earning a merit badge. Read the requirements of the merit badges you think might interest you. Choose one to earn. Your unit leader will give you a signed merit badge application (the "blue card") and the name and contact information of a merit badge counselor. These individuals have special knowledge in their merit badge subjects and are interested in helping you.
Merit Badge Booklets: A variety of merit badge booklets are available for scouts to borrow, ask our Librarian at a Troop Meeting.
Use the Scout Buddy System. You must have another person with you at each meeting with the merit badge counselor. This person can be another Scout, your parents or guardian, a brother or sister or other relative, or a friend.
Call the Merit Badge Counselor. Get in touch with the merit badge counselor and tell them that you want to earn the merit badge. The counselor may ask to meet you to explain what is expected and to start helping you complete the requirements. You should also discuss work that you have already started or possibly completed.
Unless otherwise specified, work for a requirement can be started at any time. Ask your counselor to help you learn the things you need to know or do. You should obtain and read the merit badge pamphlet on the subject.
Show Your Stuff. When you are ready, call the counselor again to make an appointment. When you go take along the things you have made to meet the requirements. If they are too big to move, take pictures or have an adult tell in writing what you have done. The counselor will test you on each requirement to make sure you know your stuff and have done or can do the things required.
Requirements. You are expected to meet the requirements as they are stated—no more and no less. You must do exactly what is stated in the requirements. If it says "show or demonstrate," that is what you must do. Just telling about it isn't enough. The same thing holds true for such words as "make," "list," "in the field," and "collect," "identify," and "label." If you have already started working on a merit badge when a new edition of the pamphlet is introduced, you may continue to use the same merit badge pamphlet and fulfill the requirements therein to earn the badge. You do not need to start all over again with the new pamphlet and revised requirements.
Get the Badge. When the counselor is satisfied that you have met each requirement, they will sign your application (the "blue card"). Give the signed application to your unit leader so that your merit badge emblem can be secured for you.
Merit Badges & Requirements. Follow this link to the BSA website and "scroll down" to see all the Merit Badges and most current and official requirements. Merit Badge Workbooks. Follow this link to MeritBadge.org and "scroll down" to see all the Merit Badge Workbooks. You can download and print them, the worksheets help Scouts document their work and help them prepare for discussions with their Merit Badge Counselor.
Eagle Requirement (Earn 21 merit badges)
Required Merit Badges: CAMPING, CITIZENSHIP IN THE COMMUNITY, CITIZENSHIP IN THE NATION, CITIZENSHIP IN THE WORLD, COMMUNICATION, COOKING, EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS OR LIFESAVING, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE OR SUSTAINABILITY, FIRST AID, CYCLING OR HIKING OR SWIMMING, PERSONAL MANAGEMENT, PERSONAL FITNESS, FAMILY LIFE. Plus 8 additional Merit Badges of your choice.